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Mountain gorillas move to new places every day and never stay in one place twice. There is nothing like closet or furthest gorilla family, trek terrain may be different but the time taken is unpredictable. A 2 or 3 hour trek today could be tomorrow’s 6 or 7 hours.

Buhoma Area

The Buhoma Sector has 7 habituated gorilla families that can be visited by tourists;
– Rushegura Gorilla Family with 17 individuals
– Mubare Gorilla Family with 8 individuals
– Muyambi Gorilla Family with 6 individuals
– Katwe Gorilla Family with 7 individuals
– Habinyanja Gorilla Family with 12 individuals
– Binyindo Gorilla Family with 9 individuals
– Kanywanyi Gorilla Family with 5 individuals

Habinyanja Gorilla Family

The Habinyanja gorilla family has got 18 members including 2 silverback and it’s located in Buhoma. The group was first visited by the tourists in 1999. This name comes from a local word referred to Nyanja meaning a body of water. It also refers to the swamp in Bwindi where the group was first sighted. The Habinyanja is also a fascinating family which has a lot of commotion and drama.  This was caused by the power struggles that happened between the dominant silverback and the fights for the family leadership. It’s also not strange for such a large family to split and form a new gorilla family and sometimes can be joined by members that are rejected by other families or the other solitary gorillas and also when they do, they retain the brotherhood and cannot fight against former family members in case they meet. The tourists tracking this family need from 3 to 8 hours and it can make sense if they stay at any lodge at Buhoma area of Bwindi. These are led by the shrewd alpha female called the Kisho.

Mubare Gorilla Family

This was the first group to be habituated for tracking, the habituation started in 1991 and this group was named after the stunning Mubare Hills in which this group was discovered. It has a family size of 9 members including 1 silverback located Buhoma. The group started with 12 family members led by the dominant silverback ‘Ruhondeza’. In a few years the group grew to 18 individuals. Unfortunately, due to fights with other wild groups, it lost several members including the one Ruhondeza who used to take care of everyone else in the party. The group remained 5 members for several years until march 2013 when 4 other members including a new dominant silverback joined and its now an interesting group to visit.

Rushegura Gorilla Family

Rushegura Group was habituated in 2000 for tracking and received tourists in 2002. It is a huge group within the Buhoma area. It comprises 19 members including 1 silverback located in Buhoma. They started with 12 individuals including 5 females. This ‘Habinyanya 2 group’ quickly received a new name that derives from ‘Ebishegura’. A tree specie that was abundant in the home area of the new family. The Rushegura group is a calm family. In the past they used to cross the border and venture in the neighbor DRC every now and then but returned and have always been in Buhoma village and sometimes even wander through the gardens of Gorilla Forest Camp.

Katwe Gorilla Family

Katwe Gorilla Family has 7 Members (1 Silverbacks, 2 Adult females, 2 Blackbacks, 2 Sub-adult females) updated Dec 2019. The fourth and latest habituated gorilla group in Buhoma Sector is the Katwe gorilla family. It is headed by the dominant Silverback “Mahaane.”

Kanywanyi Gorilla Family

This is one of the new gorilla families that has been habituated for gorilla tourism in the Buhoma Sector. It is composed of five individuals. It is a stable family and it has not yet been intergrated into the Gorilla Booking System.

Ruhijja Area

The Ruhija Sector has six gorilla families namely;
– Kyaguliro A Gorilla Family with 7 individuals
– Bitukura Gorilla Family with 13 individuals
– Mukiza Gorilla Family with 22 individuals
– Oruzogo Gorillla Family with 12 individuals
– Kyaguliro B with 8 individuals
– Happy Gorilla Family with 5 individuals

Bitukura Gorilla Family

Bitukura Group is among the newest groups in the forest. It is found and roams the verdant forest within the Ruhija area. This family comprises of 14 members including 4 silverbacks located in Ruhija. The Bitukula group was named after a river where the family members were first sighted. The habituation that started in July 2007 was a relatively easy process as the gorillas were already be visited by tourists within 15 months after the start. Bitukura is a peaceful family including 4 silverbacks and some playful juveniles. They share a close bond and often have ‘group meeting’ or get together. Originally, the group had 24 members but due to disputes within the family, some gorillas simply chose to leave the group and were probably recruited other families. To visit this family, it is advisable to stay in the Ruhija area.

Kyaguriro A Gorilla Family

The group has a size of 7 members including Kyaguriro is another habituated gorilla group that is not visited by tourists and has been reserved for reserved for research and other studies.

Oruzogo Gorilla Family

This family comprises of 16 members including 1 silverback located in Ruhija sector. The Oruzongo group one of the recent gorilla families opened for visitor access in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. this family is situated between Ruhija area and is led by a dominant silverback ‘Tibirikwata’. It’s the latest habituated gorilla family and was opened for Tourism in 2011. This increased the great opportunity for more visitors to track the gorillas in Bwindi. Its one of the most popular families with tourists not just because of the size but the playful and energetic juveniles and toddlers in the group. The only problem in the Ruhija area of Bwindi where the group is found is that there are a few lodging options especially budget ones. Yet it’s possible but not advisable for visitors to sleep in Buhoma area which is over an hour drive away then drive to Ruhija area for a pre-tracking orientation.

Mukiza Gorilla Family

Originally group known as Kyaguliro before the split after the death of the leading silverback Rukina. The unfortunate death of Rukina inaugurated Mukiza as the new leader of the family.

KYAGULIRO B Gorilla Family

Kyaguliro B is a splitter group from the Kyaguliro A. It is composed of 8 individuals. The group is not yet intergrated into the Gorilla Booking System. Kyaguliro B broke away from Kyaguliro A after the death of the dominant silverback Rukina and it remained with the name Kyaguliro.

Happy Gorilla Family

This gorilla family is composed of 5 individuals.
The family is fully habituated and soon it will be added into the Central Reservation System.

Rushaga Area

The Rushaga Sector has 10 habituated gorilla families;
– Nshongi Gorilla Family
– Bweza Gorilla Family
– Mucunguzi Gorilla Family
– Kahungye Gorilla Family
– Bikingi Gorilla Family
– Mishaya Gorilla Family
– Kutu Gorilla Family
– Busingye Gorilla Family
– Rwigi Gorilla Family with 7 individuals
– Tindatine Gorilla Family

Nshongi Gorilla Family

The family has 18 members and it was the largest group ever habituated with about 36 gorilla members and was officially introduced in September 2009. It was named after the river Nshongi where the gorilla family was firdt found. Although most gorilla families usually consisting of about 25 members have one or two silverbacks, this was a strange one with 4 silverbacks. Another remarkable fact is that the group is led by Nshongi who is not even the oldest silverback in the family and that the three silverbacks and seven blackbacks lived in harmony with each other and did not make an attempt for leadership. In July 2010, the group split and remained 26 members with the other split forming the present Mishaya Gorilla group. In 2013, the family further split and reduced to 18 with the new split forming the present Bweza Gorilla Group with 10 members. The Nsongi Gorilla Group is in a large forested area where you can also see other primates, birds and butterflies.

Mishaya Gorilla Family

Comprising of 7 members including 1 silverback, this family is located in Rushaga. In July 2010, silverback Mashaya decided to leave the Nshongi Gorilla group with some females and started his own family. He is a typical fighter and was able to gather more females from other non-habituated groups in the area reaching a total group size of 12 gorillas including three infants. Mishaya is the only adult in the group and is known for being a fighter who often starts interactions with other gorilla families. By the end of 2013, the group was 7 gorilla but some gorilla families some times are joined by friends or even acquire more member in successful battles. Visitors normally sett off from the park headquarters at Rushaga. For those who choose to walk it takes approxiamtely 30min to the trailhead. The Silverback Mishaya left the Nshongi Group with 9 others in July 2010 to form the Mishaya Group

Kahungye gorilla family

This family has a size 13 members with 3 silverbacks which are the only ones named. The dominant silverback is called Rumansi followed by the other two old male gorillas named Rwigi and Ruhamuka. The group was opened for visitors and gorilla tracking in 2011, but in less than a year the group split creating the new Busingye Gorilla Family. Before the separation, the family consisted of 27 individuals including 3 silverback. Busingye is one of the newest groups in the park found in the Rushaga sector close to the Nshongi and Mishaya gorilla groups.

Bweza Gorilla Familly

This gorilla family comprises of 7 members including 1 silverback. This family is on Nshongi group that used to be the largest ever habituated in Bwindi. However due to silverback Mishaya’s decision to leave the group and start his own family in 2010, he left with reasonable number of them including the silverback Bweza. Towards the end of 2012, Bweza chose to be independent, he walked away with about 6 other members from the Mishaya gorilla group.

Busingye Gorilla Family

This family comprises of 9 individuals including 1 silverback. Busigye family is another splitter gorilla family having broken away from Kahungye family in 2012. It was silverback Busingye who decided to split and create his own family. Busingye means ‘peace’ which is quite surprising since this ambitious silverback is known for his legendary fights with other gorilla groups. He likes showing his power and whenever encountering a wild family he mercilessly grabs a female to add to his own family. Permits are received from the Bwindi local Uganda Wildlife Authority Office.

Rwigi Gorilla Family

Rwigi Gorilla Family has 7 individuals. Rwigi Gorilla Family is a splitter group from Bweza Gorilla Family in the Rushaga Sector. The gorilla family has not yet been added to the Central Reservation System.

Tindatine Gorilla Family

Tindatine Gorilla Family has 8 individuals. This family is a splitter group from Kahungye Gorilla Family in the Rushaga Sector of Bwindi.

Nkuringo Area

Nkuringo Sector has four gorilla families;
– Nkuringo with 13 individuals
– Bushaho Gorilla Family with 8 individuals
– Christmas Gorilla Family with 8 Individuals
– Posho Gorilla Family with 17 individuals

Nkuringo Gorilla Family

Nkuringo is a local word meaning ‘round hill’ it’s a word from Rukiga language referring to the hill where the group was first sighted Nkuringo group was launched in 2004 after the 2 year habituation process. One of the reasons for their habituation was their continued venture into the local communities’ gardens feeding on bananas, sweet potatoes and other crops.

The family was led by one silverback Nkuringo who died in April 2008, leaving behind 2 silverbacks Safari and Rafiki. Safari took over the leadership and in the same year in November, newborn twin baby gorillas Katungi and Muhozi arrived and expanded the family further. Unfortunately, Katungi died at the age of one and half years due to illness. Tracking the Nkuringo Group takes a bit more energy and stamina. This is probably the toughest trek in Uganda. Yet there is not many complaining about being exhausted, a better word would be exhilarated after the experience of a lifetime. Nkuringo family is a large group in the southern scemic area of Nkuringo and not to be forgotten experience. The group is composed of 19 members including 2 silverbacks.

Bushaho Gorilla Family — 12 members (July 2021)

Bushaho is the second gorilla family UWA availed for gorilla trekking in the Nkuringo Sector of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Dominant Silverback Bahati leads the group.

Christmas Gorilla Family — 6 members (July 2021)

Christmas is the third gorilla group available for gorilla trekking in the Nkuringo Sector of Bwindi. The group is aptly named after the dominant silverback, Christmas, born on Christmas day in the Nkuringo Group.

Posho Gorilla Family — 14 Members (July 2021)

Posho gorilla family is still under the habituation process in the Nkuringo Sector of Bwindi. The dominant Silverback Magara leads the ground with 14 members. The Posho Gorilla Family with 17 individuals. It was fully habituated by 30th June 2023. The gorilla family has not yet been added to gorilla booking and reservation system.